Archive for the ‘Diseases’ Category

Rats: Sewer Rats and the Diseases They Carry

Thursday, November 11th, 2010

Sewer rats are disgusting and dirty rodents. Like many other rats they carry diseases, and can spread them to people. Most of the time sewer rats spread diseases without them even being present, because the feces and urine sewer rats leave behind are the transmitters of the diseases to people. These dirty sewer rats leave their mess and also walk around people’s houses contaminating everything they touch, if you are not aware of it and do not keep a clean house you are putting yourself and your family at risk of infection of any of the diseases the sewer rats carry. Also some of the diseases that the sewer rats carry can be transmitted through water. This happens if their urine gets in your water supply, pool water or in your toilet bowl water- which may get your dog sick if they drink out of the toilet. To protect yourself and your family and your pets be aware of the diseases. Here is a list of the most common diseases sewer rats carry:

  • Leptospirosis: transmitted though contaminated water, often contaminated with sewer rat urine. These bacteria can cause symptoms such as high fever, chills, muscle and head aches, jaundice and more. There are occasions when there are no symptoms present, to ensure if you have been infected your blood or urine should be tested as it can be mistaken for other diseases.
  • Rat bite fever: most frequent in Asia, rat bite fever can take up to two weeks before symptoms develop like fevers and inflammation, penicillin is used for treatment.
  • Toxoplasmosis: transmitted either through raw or uncooked meat or eating contaminated soil, i.e. sewer rat feces and urine that have contaminated food. Symptoms include headache, muscle ache, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes. Get to a doctor right away.
  • Hanta virus: airborne virus, symptoms do not occur very quickly once they happen, they are similar to the flu and last about a week. If still sick heavy breathing can occur and you should be taken to a hospital because it can be fatal.
  • Crypto (Cryptosporidiosis): this waterborne disease has the symptoms of nausea, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and weight loss. There isn’t an exact treatment, but medicine can help it is best to get to a doctor for help.
  • Weil’s disease: transmitted through rat urine, it is often on contaminated food that people end up eating, shows flu like symptoms but can also cause jaundice and throwing up, is best to see a doctor right away.
  • Trichinosis: carried by rats, but they get it from pigs, it is a worm that can get inside of your intestines. Nausea, diarrhea, heartburn. Headache and chills are some of the symptoms best to go to a doctor right away.
  • Murine Typhus: can be transmitted from the lice that live on rats, this is treatable with antibiotics and the symptoms resemble those of the measles or rubella.
  • VHFs (Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers): transmitted by breathing in infected sewer rat feces and urine. Symptoms of this disease are fatigue, dizziness, weakness, muscle aches and high fever. There are worse symptoms that can develop so if you think you may have been infected or know that you were in a place with rat feces it is best to get to a doctor right away.

Mouse: The Common House Mouse and the Diseases it Carries

Wednesday, August 26th, 2009

There are some diseases that have been linked directly to rodents. A virus that the common house mouse carries is the hanta virus. This virus can be fatal, and is only transmittable through breathing in the air where rodent urine, feces, or dead bodies can be found. If a person is infected with the hanta virus they will not necessarily notice symptoms right away. Once the symptoms become noticeable they will be similar to the flu and last for up to five days, then a person will suffer from breathing difficulties. Oftena person is so ill at this time they are taken to a hospital for treatment, if not treated soon enough the outcome can be deadly, as the survival rate without proper treatment is low. This one virus from small little mice can cause a huge danger to any home.

It is a serious matter and as soon as you notice common house mice in your home a professional pest control agent should be called. Having your house treated by a professional exterminator will help prevent any diseases from spreading as soon as possible. If you cannot afford to call an exterminator there are at-home methods to get rid of mice, but that adds the risk of being exposed to the feces and diseases and the risk of not cleaning it up entirely or missing areas. In any case, the best choice is to have a professional pest control company handle the problem. If you detect the common house mouse within your home you can confirm it by the particular smell the common house mouse leaves behind. It is a musky smell from the common house mouse’s feces. Wearing a mask is a precaution if you do find droppings, and see a doctor to ensure your health has not been affected.

The hanta virus isn’t the only disease the common house mouse spreads. The common house mouse carries many other diseases as well, such as:

  • Murine typhus: it is treatable with antibiotics and the symptoms resemble those of the measles or rubella. Best to go see a doctor at the first sight of the marks on your skin that look like the measles or rubella.
  • Rickettsialpox: is not deadly and occurs when bitten by a mouse, the bite mark will swell and a rash will break out, other symptoms are similar to the flu. See your doctor once you realized you have been bitten.
  • Tularemia: occurs when bitten by a mouse, a physical symptom is that an ulcerated skin lesion will form. Other symptoms are chills, headache fatigue it is treatable with antibiotics. See you doctor once you realize you have been bitten by a mouse.
  • Bubonic plague: symptoms are red marks on the skin that turn black, heavy breathing, aching, and vomiting blood. As soon as any of these symptoms become apparent go to your doctor. Bubonic plague is a skin infection that can be treated with antibiotics, so it is imperative to get to a doctor right away.

Protect your home, your family and your pets by having a local exterminator eliminate the disease-infested rodent, the common house mouse.

Ticks: The Diseases They Carry

Thursday, August 13th, 2009

Ticks are the carriers of many diseases. Some of the diseases they carry can be cured with medicine while some can be fatal. Therefore people need to be aware of what can happen when bitten by a tick. Many times, people may not even realize they have been bitten by a tick until they start to develop symptoms that resemble certain diseases. Go to the hospital or to your doctor if you have any symptoms of the diseases ticks carry.

It may be hard to determine if the symptoms you feel are those of a disease a tick may carry. Many times the symptoms of diseases ticks carry are similar to those of the flu. The best way to figure out if it is the flu or a reaction from a tick bite is to go to a doctor. Also, consider the environment where you live and any place you have been recently; are these places prone to ticks? Do you own pets? These questions may help determine if you’ve been in contact with a tick since ticks are found in many places such homes, dogs, trees, grass, etc. Read more on the specifics of the tick, and where you can find the nasty buggers.

There are many varieties of ticks, but in the U.S. some of the most common are the deer tick, lone star tick, and brown dog tick. All of these ticks are carriers of diseases. These diseases include:

  • Lyme disease is carried by the deer tick and lone star tick. Bite symptoms include a circular-shaped rash, headache, fever, and fatigue. More serious issues such as heart problems may occur if left untreated. See your doctor immediately if you notice a circular rash.
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is carried by the American dog tick, Rocky Mountain wood tick, and the brown dog tick. The symptoms for RMSF may not appear right away and include headache, muscle pain, fever, nausea, and lack of appetite. Once infected, you’ll feel stomach pain, joint pain, and, in some cases, a rash. It is best to go see your doctor, as RMSF often requires hospitalization.
  • Tularemia is carried by the American dog tick, lone star tick and Rocky Mountain wood tick. Symptoms can take 3-5 days to develop. They include inflammation of the face and eyes, mouth sores, sore throat, pain and/or swelling in the lymph glands and possible skin ulcers. It is best to go to your doctor right away if you recognize any of these symptoms. Tularemia can become deadly if it is not properly treated.
  • Tick-borne encephalitis is carried by the lone star tick. Symptoms will begin to appear within 1-2 weeks. Symptoms include fever, muscle aches, nausea, headache and malaise. Additional symptoms include confusion, drowsiness, problems with your senses and problems with your speech. This disease is rarely fatal, but should be taken very seriously. See your doctor right away.
  • Southern Tick Associated Rash Illness (STARI) is carried by the lone star tick. STARI symptoms often resemble symptoms similar to Lyme disease. The main symptom they share is the circular shaped rash, which can take up to a week before it becomes visible. The STARI rash looks more like a bulls-eye with the bite-mark in the center. Other symptoms include headache, fatigue, and muscle pains. Go to your doctor for antibiotics to get rid of the rash.

Rats: Pack Rats and the Diseases They Carry

Tuesday, July 28th, 2009

The nests of the pack rat may sound bad enough, but like the roof rat this rodent can carry many diseases. Various types of rats often carry the same diseases, therefore all necessary measures need to be taken in order to prevent exposure to these horrific diseases. Here are some common diseases a pack rat carries:

  • Rat bite fever: most frequent in Asia, can take up to two weeks before symptoms develop, symptoms include fevers and inflammation, penicillin is used for treatment.
  • Arena virus: transmitted through the air where feces and urine are present, flu like symptoms that can turn into internal bleeding,  see a doctor if exposed.
  • Hanta virus: airborne virus, flu like symptoms that do not occur very quickly and last about a week, continued illness can be fatal, see a doctor if exposed.
  • Trichinosis: carried by rats, symptoms include nausea, diarrhea, heartburn, see a doctor immediately if you experience headache and chills.
  • Bubonic plague: a skin infection that can be treated with antibiotics, symptoms include red marks on skin that turn black, heaving breathing, aching, and throwing up blood, see a doctor immediately if exposed.
  • Weil’s disease: transmitted through urine, often carried on contaminated food, flu like symptoms, can cause jaundice and vomiting, see a doctor right away.
  • Typhoid: transmitted through feces and urine, either airborne or from contaminated food, symptoms include high fevers, sweats, diarrhea and rash of red spots, treated with antibiotics,  see a doctor if exposed.

Pack rats can also carry different bacteria like salmonella and parasites. Similar to the roof rat, the pack rat does not always have to actually bite a person to transmit the disease. The droppings of the pack rat can be a carrier as well as insects like fleas, ticks, or mites that live on pack rats. Therefore the infiltration of pack rats in a home can be very harmful.

Rats: Roof rats spread diseases

Wednesday, June 24th, 2009

Roof rats can spread diseases without even being in a room with people. Unfortunately, the urine and feces they leave behind are also transmitters of their nasty diseases. The other way they spread the diseases they carry is by biting people. Whether you’ve been bitten or exposed to a roof rat’s feces there are things to be aware of; such as how serious it is, what your symptoms will be, how to treat it, and if you need to go to a doctor. To protect yourself and your family be aware of the diseases. Here is a list of the most common diseases roof rats carry:

  • Bubonic plague: a skin infection that can be treated with antibiotics see a doctor right away, symptoms are red marks on skin that turn black, heaving breathing, aching, and throwing up blood. The Bubonic plague, or Black Death as it was called in the middle ages, wiped out a significant portion of Europe’s population.
  • Rat bite fever: most frequent in Asia, rat bite fever can take up to two weeks before symptoms develop like fevers and inflammation, penicillin is used for treatment.
  • Arena virus: transmitted through the air where feces and urine are, causes flu like symptoms but can turn into internal bleeding. If exposed see a doctor immediately.
  • Eosinophilic meningitis: this disease is also known as rat lungworm, it can also be transmitted through eating uncooked food like fish, snails, frogs, or freshwater prawns. Another way it can be transmitted is through contaminated foods such as lettuce. The symptoms are headache, neck pain, and vision problems. It is treatable, but you should see a doctor right away.
  • Hanta virus: airborne virus, symptoms do not occur very quickly once they happen, they are similar to the flu and last about a week. If still sick heavy breathing can occur and you should be taken to a hospital because it can be fatal.
  • Weil’s disease: transmitted through rat urine, it is often on contaminated food that people end up eating, shows flu like symptoms but can also cause jaundice and throwing up, is best to see a doctor right away.
  • Typhoid: transmitted through feces and urine either airborne or from something contaminated, people will get high fevers, sweat profusely, diarrhea and rash of red spots. Treated with antibiotics, so see a doctor.
  • Trichinosis: carried by rats, but they get it from pigs, it is a worm that can get inside of your intestines. Nausea, diarrhea, heartburn. Headache and chills are some of the symptoms best to go to a doctor right away.
  • Murine Typhus: can be transmitted from the lice that live on rats, this is treatable with antibiotics and the symptoms resemble those of the measles or rubella.